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과학사통론 1


"과학사란 무엇인가"

고대 과학

고대 및 중세 초기, 이슬람의 과학

중세의 과학

르네상스 시기의 과학과 과학혁명 개관

천문학의 혁명: Copernicus, Tycho Brahe, Keper

천문학의 혁명과 Galileo

역학과 수학의 혁명: Galileo and Descartes

기계적 철학과 새로운 자연관

  • 첨부파일: media:요약문_기계적철학과새로운자연관_과학사통론1.pdf
  • Descartes, Discourse on Method, Dioptrics & The World (selections) (번역본 있음).
  • Richard Westfall, "The Mechanical Philosophy," in The Construction of Modern Science (New York, 1977), pp. 25-42.
  • J.A. Benett, "The Mechanics' Philosophy and the Mechanical Philosophy," History of Science 24 (1986), 1-28.
  • Keith Hutchison, “What Happened to Occult Qualities in the Scientific Revolution,” Isis 73 (1982), 233-53.
  • Simon Schaffer, "Godly Men and Mechanical Philosophers: Souls and Spirits in Restoration Natural Philosophy," Science in Context 1 (1987), 55-85.
  • Peter Galison, "Descartes's Comparisons: From the Invisible to the Visible," Isis 75 (1984), 311-326.
  • Yung Sik Kim, "Another Look at Robert Boyle's Acceptance of Mechanical Philosophy: Its Limits and Its Chemical and Social Contexts," Ambix: International Journal of History of Alchemy and Chemistry 38 (1991), 1-10.

생리학의 혁명

Francis Bacon

  • 첨부파일: media:요약문_베이컨_과학사통론1.pdf
  • Francis Bacon, Novum Organon (1620, selections). (번역본 있음).
  • Francis Bacon, New Atlantis (1627). (번역본 있음).
  • Peter Harrison, "Curiosity, Forbidden Knowledge, and the Reformation of Natural Philosophy in Early Modern England," Isis 92 (2001), 264-290.
  • William Eamon, "From the Secrets of Nature to the Public Knowledge," in David Lindberg and Robert Westman eds., Reappraisals of the Scientific Revolution (Cambridge University Press, 1990), pp. 1-26.
  • Paolo Rossi, Philosophy, Technology, and the Arts in the Early Modern Era (NY: Harper & Row, 1970), ch. 2, "The Idea of Scientific Progress" and Appendix II, "Truth and Utility in the Science of Francis Bacon," pp. 63-99, 146-173.
  • Julian Martin, "Francis Bacon, Authority, and the Moderns," in Tom Sorell ed., The Rise of Modern Philosophy: The Tension between the New and Traditional Philosophies from Machiavelli to Leibniz (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1993), pp. 71-88.
  • Andrew Barnaby, "'Things themselves': Francis Bacon's Epistemological Reform and the Maintenance of the State," Renaissance and Reformation 21 (1997), 57-80.
  • Anthony Grafton (with April Shelford and Nancy Siraisi), New Worlds, Ancient Texts: The Power of Tradition and the Shock of Discovery (Harvard, 1992), pp. 197-237.

과학혁명기의 과학과 사회, 기술

  • 첨부파일: media:요약문_과학혁명기의과학과사회기술_과학사통론1.hwp
  • Steven Shapin and Simon Schaffer, Leviathan and the Air-Pump: Hobbes, Boyle, and the Experimental Life (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1985), pp. 22-79, 110-154, 283-344. (홍성욱, 󰡔생산력과 문화로서의 과학 기술󰡕 제 5장, “포스트모던 과학 논쟁”도 참조).
  • Paolo Rossi, Philosophy, Technology, and the Arts in the Early Modern Era (NY: Harper & Row, 1970), ch. 1, pp. 1-62.
  • Edgar Zilsel, "The Genesis of the Concept of Physical Law," Philosophical Review 51 (1942), 245-279.
  • William Newman, "The Alchemical Sources of Robert Boyle's Corpuscular Philosophy," Annals of Science 53 (1996), 567-585.
  • Giovanna Ferrari, "Public Anatomy Lessons and the Carnival: The Anatomy Theatre of Bologna," Past and Present 117 (November 1987), 50-106.
  • Paula Findlen, "Possessing the Past: The Material World of the Italian Renaissance," American Historical Review 103 (1998): 83-114.
  • Mario Biagioli, "The Social Status of Italian Mathematicians, 1450-1600," History of Science 27 (1989), 41-95.
  • Barbara Shapiro, "The Concept of 'Fact': Legal Origins and Cultural Diffusion," Albion 26 (1994), 227-252.
  • Jim Bennett, "Knowing and Doing in the Sixteenth Century: What Were Instruments For?" British Journal for the History of Science 36 (2003), 129-150.
  • John Gascoigne, "A Reappraisal of the Role of the Universities in the Scientific Revolution," in Lindberg and Westman, Reappraisals of the Scientific Revolution, pp. 207-260.

과학혁명기의 과학과 종교

머튼 명제

갈릴레오 재판

기말보고서: 역학혁명과 스콜라철학

과학사통론 2


뉴턴과 뉴턴종합

  • 첨부파일: media:요약문_뉴턴과뉴턴종합_과학사통론2.hwp
  • Selections of Newton's Work
  • Optiks : Querries 1-7 and 31
  • B.J.T. Dobbs, "Newton's Alchmy and His Theory of Matter"
  • Koyre, "The Significance of the Newtonian Synthesis"
  • Simon Schaffer, "CLASS WORKS: Newtion's Prism and the Uses of Experiment"
  • D.T. Whiteside, "The Prehistory of the Principia from 1664 to 1686"

뉴턴주의의 사회적 의미: Newton(Clarke)-Leibniz Dispute

과학과 계몽주의

18세기와 19세기의 전기와 자기

  • 첨부파일: media:요약문_18세기와19세기의전기와자기_과학사통론2.hwp
  • Benjamin Franklin, Experiments and Observations on Electricity (Letters I - X ) (1747-1752)
  • J.L. Heilbron, "Franklin as an Enlightened Natural Philosopher"
  • Thomas L. Hankins, Science and the Enlightment, pp. 46-80
  • M. Pera, The Ambigous Frog : The Galvani-Volta Controversy on Animal Electricity, pp. 117-175
  • S. Hong, "Once Upon a Time in Physics When Both Mathematics and Experiment were Helpless: A strange Life of Voltaic Contact Potential"

화학과 화학혁명

자연철학에서 과학으로

  • 첨부파일: media:요약문_자연철학에서과학으로_과학사통론2.hwp
  • L. Daston and P. Galison, "The Images of Obejectivity," Representation 37 (1992), pp. 67-106
  • George H. Daniel, "The Process of Professionalization in American Sience: The Emergent Period, 1820-1860," Isis 58 (1967), pp. 151-166
  • Steven R. Turner, "The Growth of Professorial Research in Prussia, 1818-1848: Causes and Context,", HSPS 3 (1971), pp. 137-182
  • Soraya de Chdarevian, "Graphical Method and Discipline: Slef-Recording Instruments in Nineteenth-Century Physiology," Studues in History and Philosophy of Science 24 (1993), pp. 267-292

다윈과 다윈주의

  • 첨부파일: media:요약문_다윈과다윈주의_과학사통론2.hwp
  • Charles Darwin, On the Origin of Species (1859): Introduction, ch. 3-4, Conclusion
  • A. Desmond and J. Moore, Darwin (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1992), ch. 8-13
  • Frank Sulloway, "Darwin's Conversion: The Beagle and Its Aftermath," Journal of the History of Biology 15 (1982), 325-396
  • Ralph Colp Jr., "'Confessing a Murder': Darwin's First Revelations about Transmutation," Isis 77 (1986), 9-32
  • Barry G. Gale, "Struggle for Existence: A Study in the Extrascientific Origins of Scientific Ideas," Isis 63 (1972), 321-344
  • Paul Eliot, "Erasmus Darwin, Herbert Spencer, and the Origins of the Evolutionary Worldview in the British Provincial Culture, 1770-1850," Isis 94 (2003), 1-29

실험실의 출현

첨부파일: media:요약문_실험실의출현_과학사통론2.pdf

  • Edward C. Pickering, "PhysicaI Laboratories", Nature 3 (Jan. 26, 1871), p.241.
  • W.G. Adams, "Physical Laboratories", Nature 3 (Feb. 23, 1871), pp.322-323.
  • J.T. Bottomley, "Physical Science in Glasgow University", Nature 6 (May 9. 1872), pp.29-32.
  • James Clerk Maxwell , "Introductory Lectures on Experimental Physics", in W.D. Niven ed., The Scientific Papers of James Clerk Maxwell (New York: Dover" 1965), pp.241-255.
  • anonymous, "The New Physi혀I laboratory of the University of Cambridge" , Nature 10 (Jan 25, 1874), p.139-142.
  • Oliver Lodge,"An Ideal Physical Laboratory for a College", Electrician (Nov 14; Nov 21 , 189이, pp.32-33, pp.66-68.
  • Owen Hannaway , "Laboratory Design and the Aim of Science: Andreas Libavius vs versus Tycho Brahe", Isis 77 (1986), pp.585-610.
  • S. Hong , "Forging Scientific ElectricaI Engineering : John Ambrose Fleming and the Ferranti Effect'’, Isis 86 (1995), pp.30-51.
  • Robert E. Kohler, "Drosphila : A Life in the Laboratory" , Journal of History of Biology 26.2 (1993) pp.281-310.

아인슈타인의 상대성


  • 첨부파일: media:요약문_양자역학_과학사통론2.hwp
  • N. Bohr, "The Quantum Postulate and the Recent Development of Atomic Theory," Nature 121 (1928), 580-590
  • N. Bohr, "Light and Life," Nature 131 (1933), 421-23, 457-59
  • J. Stark, "The Pragmatic and the Dogmatic Spirit in Physics," Nature 141 (1938), 770-772
  • Paul Forman, "Weimar Culture, Causality, and Quantum Theory, 1918-1927: Adaptation by German Physicists and Mathematicians to a Hostile Intellectual Enviroment," HSPS 3 (1971), 1-116
  • John Hendry, "Weimar Culture and Quantum Causality," History of Science 18 (1980), 155-180
  • Gerald Holton, "The Roots of Complementarity," in Thematic Origins of Scientific Thoughts, pp. 99-145
  • Sungook Hong, "Science as Culture, History as a Science: Revisiting Kuhn," (ms 1996)


분자생물학의 역사

  • 첨부파일: media:요약문_분자생물학의역사_과학사통론2.hwp
  • Erwin Schrodinger, What is Life? The Physical Aspect of the Living Cell (Cambridge, 1944)
  • Horace F. Judson, "Reflections on the Historiography of Molecular Biology," Minerva 18 (1980), 369-421
  • Evelyn Fox Keller, "Physics and the Emergence of Molecular Biology: A History of Cognitive and Political Synergy," Journal of the History of Biology 23 (1990), 389-409
  • Lily E. Kay, "Cybernetics, Information, Life: the Emergence of Scriptural Representations of Heredity," Configurations 5 (1997), 23-91
  • Diane B. Paul, "Eugenic Anxieties, Social Realities, and Political Choices," Social Research 59 (1992), 664-683
  • Susan Wright, "Recombinant DNA Technology and its Social Transformation, 1972-1982," Osiris 2 (1986), 303-360

과학과 현 세계

  • 첨부파일: media:발제및요약문_과학과현세계_과학사통론2.hwp
  • Peter Galison & B. Bernstein, "In Any Light: Scientists and the Decision to Build the Superbomb, 1952-1954," HSPS 19(2) (1989), 267-347
  • Vannevar Bush, Science, the Endless Frontier (1945)
  • 홍성욱, 「20세기 과학연구의 지형도: 미국의 대학과 기업을 중심으로」, 󰡔한국과학사학회지󰡕, 24권 (2002-12), 200-237

기말페이퍼: 급진파들의 다윈 수용, 1859-1930

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